The dorsal spine is the region between the end of the cervical spine and the end of the ribs. Pain in this region may be limited to the posterior area of the back, or may also radiate to the anterior part of the thorax. It is usually due to degenerative or inflammatory causes of the dorsal spine. Pain caused by fractures of the dorsal vertebrae is also frequent, especially if there is osteoporosis.
Other causes of localized pain in the same region, such as pulmonary or cardiac problems, or other causes, should always be ruled out.
In addition to the problems mentioned above, muscular disorders can also cause back pain. Spasms or tension in the back muscles, often resulting from stress, incorrect posture, or sports injuries, can cause pain in the dorsal region of the spine. Also, some rheumatic diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or ankylosing spondylitis, can affect this area and cause discomfort.
Management of back pain often involves a multidisciplinary approach, which may include physical therapies, medication, lifestyle changes, and in more severe cases, surgery.